Monday, May 15, 2017

The Challenges Of Emmanuel Macron: A New Prime Minister And A Visit To Berlin

In his first official speech at the Elysee Palace, President Macron declared: "The Europe we need will be revised."

Emmanuel Macron is going to Berlin on Monday 15 May to meet with Chancellor Angela Merkel. It thus follows the tradition now well established that the first trip abroad of the President of the Republic is for Germany. But beforehand, he has to appoint his prime minister.

The choice of Emmanuel Macron has been stopped for several days. A man or a woman but not a civil society is the only certainty. Emmanuel Macron wants someone with experience in politics. "  Skills," he said, " to lead a parliamentary majority and animate a governmental collective ." This team should be known tomorrow and will mix civil society and political, beginners as well as seasoned.

Several names circulate, but one comes back with insistence, it is that of Edouard Philippe, 46 years old, deputy-mayor Les Républicains (LR) of Le Havre, a close one of Alain Juppé. Edouard Philippe had his card in the socialist party for two years when he was a student. The man comes from the same mold as the president: Sciences Po then the ENA; It came out in the top 15. Edouard Philippe has an experience in the private sector: an American law firm and Areva. The mayor of Le Havre is a boxing enthusiast who writes political fictions, as does Bruno Le Maire, who is mentioned for a ministerial portfolio. The elected Norman abstained in the vote for the marriage for all. Finally, it was set back from the campaign of François Fillon after the revelations on the "

In all, a man from the ranks of the right, with the centrist temperament ... This is a signal, of course, for the legislative, to convince the voters of his ability to gather on a line neither right nor left. A gesture also to bring to him other elected representatives of the right. The deadline for applications is Friday. There are still 148 investitures to be awarded.

Important visit to Berlin

The new French president will have an interview with the German Chancellor before a joint press conference followed by an official dinner.

During this first meeting, the new Franco-German couple will discuss the issues they both have, such as security, economy, and investment, as well as social protection and the fight against anti-competitive practices.

But the two European leaders are expected on the strengthening of the European Union and especially that of the euro area, one of the campaign themes of Emmanuel Macron.

German Finance Minister Wolfgang Schäuble is rather supportive of his idea of ​a European Parliament of the euro area, advisory. But the other proposals of a budget of the euro zone, a European Treasury, a minister of finance of the euro zone do not arouse the same enthusiasm on the Rhine.

Macron already criticized in Berlin

The new French president has received massive support during his campaign of the German political class and the media, but for a week, some criticisms have been made on his European proposals, reports our correspondent in Berlin, Pascal Thibaut.

After Jacques Chirac, Nicolas Sarkozy and François Hollande, Angela Merkel, the eternal Chancellor, will host the new French president on Monday night in Berlin. She had received him in March and openly supported him during his campaign as the majority of the German political and media circles.

Emmanuel Macron's pro-European commitment and willingness to cooperate with Berlin were welcomed. But just after its election, some Conservatives criticize proposals for eurozone reforms such as additional transfers from Germany or a pooling of debts.

The weekly Der Spiegel was heading this weekend in a one with a portrait of Emmanuel Macron: "A dear friend" - dear to the financial sense - specifying: "  It saves Europe, but Germany has to pay  ."

The Social Democrats, starting with Foreign Minister Sigmar Gabriel, a close associate of the French president, are keen on the Paris proposals. In this pre-election period in Germany, Christian Democrats are more on the reserve not to irritate voters who are reluctant to pay for neighbors.

A compromise between the two countries may, therefore, have to wait for the September general elections to be found.

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